BBC Learning English New Review Vocabulary

英语新闻词汇

Sales of ABC records continue to rise and now at the highest level for 25 years.
The figure shows a 25% increase on the previous year.

to censor
to remove parts of books, films, letters etc. thought to be offensive or inappropriate

a censor
a person whose job is to remove parts of books, films, letters etc. thought to be offensive or inappropriate

censorship
the process of removing parts of books, films, letters etc. thought to be offensive or inappropriate

to ridicule
to make jokes about something in an unkind way

mockery
comments intended to make something look stupid

make a mockery (of something)
make something seem useless or stupid

red alert
a warning that something dangerous will probably happen

toxic
poisonous

engulf
surround something completely

portmanteau word
a single word made from two words. eg. smog雾霾(smoke + fog)

no way! an expression which shows disbelief

photoshopped used software to change an image

plant
(here) type of factory which generates electricity

broke new ground
did something nobody has ever done before

to renovate
to improve its condition

fleet
group of vehicles brought together for a particular purpose

Japan whaling fleet/Japanese whaling fleet/Japan’s whaling fleet
three different ways to describe nationality in news headlines

in the pursuit of
tells us the reason why we are doing something

confront
deal with a difficult situation

reinforces
confirms

stepping down
resigning from his position

incandescent
producing light from a heated part

comeback
when someone or something that was once successful becomes successful again

revamp
change something in order to improve it

significantly
by a large or noticeable amount

prototype
the first example of a new product

vowed
promised (to do something)

partisan
supporting the political views of just one party

bold ambition
big or difficult aim, requiring lots of effort

census
official count and collection of information about a population

iconic
famous person or object which is thought to represent an idea or style from a particular time

pace
the speed at which something moves or happens

growth
the process of getting bigger

slump
a significant fall or reduction in something

shrinking
getting smaller

depreciation
process in which something becomes less valuable

evenly
in equal amounts

condition
illness or disease

boycott
refuse to take part as a protest

published
made officially available for everyone to read, for example in a book or newspaper

double life
separate life that other people don’t know about

archive
collection of historical documents, books or objects

unseen
not seen or known about

rediscovered
found again after being forgotten or lost

in a spin
worried and confused

crossing
moving from one side to the other

sporadic
happening at irregular intervals

spot
notice something that is difficult to find or see

the spread of
the growing area affected by something

constitutes
considered to be

endangered
in a situation which could cause harm

outbreak
the sudden start of something, such as an illness or disease

break out
爆发

declared
officially or formally announced or stated

declaration
声明 n.

nightmare
(here) very frightening or difficult situation

nightmare scenario

hailed
announced publicly how good or important something is

hampering
making it difficult to do something

backlog
a number of things that should have been done before now

prediction
what you think will happen in the future

batons
heavy sticks used as weapons by police

clashes
fights or battles between groups of people

street vendors
people who sell things in the street rather than in a shop

warning shots
shot fired by police or army which are not intended to harm people but to show force

crackdown 镇压
strong action taken to stop illegal or bad activity

crack down 打击(什么活动)

outsider
(here) a competitor with little chance of winning

refurbishing
making changes to a building to improve it

adapting
changing behaviour to suit a new situation

album
several pieces of music sold together usually in a digital file or CD

lavish
expensive and impressive

artist
(here) musician, actor or performer

sweep
(here) to win a number of things easily

diss
to say something rude or disrespectful about someone

all over the place
badly planned, organised or executed

restoring
bringing back as it was before

seized
took away forcibly (usually describes police action)

went under the knife
had surgery, was operated on by a doctor

restored
made to function again

cut off
unable to access something

canal
artificial river made to transport water or boats

vulnerable
if something is vulnerable, it’s easy to damage or attack

grapple
to fight (a challenge or problem)

unrest
angry or violent behaviour by groups of people during protests or disagreements

have come out
have stated publicly, have declared

recalling
(here) asking consumers to return a faulty product in exchange for a refund

caesarean
operation in which a baby is born by cutting open the mother’s womb

demolition
destruction of a building

dismantle
take something apart so it no longer functions

makeshift
temporary and of poor quality

evict
to force someone to leave a place

braced for
ready for (something bad)

bulldozer
a heavy vehicle with a large, curved piece of metal at the front for pushing earth and stones

dominated
been the most successful

warning
making people aware of danger

manned
(of a machine) operated by people who are carried inside it

outcome
final result

tested positive
had banned drugs found in her body following a medical test

let her fans down
made her supporters disappointed by not reaching the standard they expected

suspend
stop something for a period of time

let down
made people disappointed by not reaching the standard they expected

tarnishing
making people have a lower opinion of something or someone

violate
act against; break

solar eclipse
moment when the view of the sun is blocked by the moon

influential
affecting people’s behaviour, opinions or decisions

accomplishments
achievements or successes as a result of hard work

central bank
a national bank which has control of a country’s money

audacious
carried out with confidence despite high risk

breached
(here) broke into

heist
an organised robbery – usually involving large amounts of money or valuable objects

cyber
prefix used to refer to computers or the internet

hush up
prevent people from discovering the truth

triggered
caused something to happen

remarkable
unexpected and therefore surprising

outrage
very strong reaction of anger

unlock
(here) enter the correct password to open a mobile phone

postponement
decision to delay something

manufacturer
company that makes products in large quantities

row
an argument or disagreement, often noisy

hack
to break into a computer system illegally

back down
stop saying or threatening that you will do something, usually because people disagree with you

mourning
a time when people show sadness after a death or deaths

odious
very unpleasant

abnormally
unusually; not as expected

unrealistic
something that cannot be achieved

reef
a line of rock near or above the surface of the sea

episodes
single events related to but separate from others

coral bleaching
damage to coral caused by warm water

devastate
seriously damage; destroy

aerial
from the air

in the grip of
experiencing something very unpleasant you can’t escape from

driverless
not controlled by a person

choking
not able to breathe

toxic
poisonous; harmful

abundance
in large quantities

predominantly
mainly or mostly

at the heart of
at the centre of

leak
(here) sharing of secret information with the public

blacklisted
put on a blacklist: a list of people, countries, organisations etc who are not approved of and blocked from doing certain things

sanctions
(here) official orders to stop a country or organisation from trading or communication

links
connections

bombshell
(here) piece of unexpected and shocking news

prominent
important, well known

prompted
brought about, caused

honoured
publicly praised for doing something good

impeachment
a formal accusation that a public official has committed a serious crime while in power

stormy
loud, involving strong emotions

coup
sudden seizing of political power, often by an army

back
support

hurdle
obstacle, challenge, difficulty

ambitious
(here) difficult to achieve

exceptional
extreme; greater than normal

triumph
great achievement

the height of
a time when a situation is most active

winning hearts
getting the affection of people

replica
an exact copy of something

behind
responsible for

recreate
made or created again

unveil
(of a venue or exhibit) officially opened in a ceremony where a covering is removed

on display
being put in a place where people can see it

to date
up to now

precious
valuable

released
(here) made public

heads
the side of a coin with a head or face on it

tails
the other side of a coin

lands on tails/heads

contamination
the process of making something less pure or poisonous

meltdown
a situation when fuel in a nuclear power station becomes very hot and melts through its container

The tube’s in meltdown

reactor
(short for nuclear reactor) a machine which produces nuclear energy

radioactive
containing harmful energy produced during nuclear reactions

swathe
large area of land

vigils
acts of staying awake at night in order to pray, protest or give support to something

fallout
dangerous, radioactive dust in the air after a nuclear explosion

meltdown
a situation when fuel in a nuclear power station becomes very hot and melts through its container

on
(here) later, after

catastrophically disastrously; dangerously

fall silent
stop making any sound

scaffolding
metal poles and wooden planks erected outside of a building for people to stand on when they are working on the building

glimpse
brief view or look

delivery
(here) process of giving birth

squad
larger group of sports players from which a smaller team is chosen

outsiders
(here) players or team thought unlikely to win a competition

bookmakers
people whose job it is to take and pay money from betting

fairytale
(here) unreal or incredible

nuts/bonkers
crazy

a one-off
describes something which will only happen once

presumptive
likely to be

inappropriately
in the wrong way

long-standing
existing for a long time

species
a group of animals or plants that are similar and can together produce young animals or plants

sprawling
reaching over a large area

habitats
the places where plants and animals live naturally

at risk of
in a situation where something bad or dangerous could happen

kill off
destroy something totally

highly symbolic
showing or representing something that is extremely important

obliterated
completely destroyed

inflicted
something unpleasant or harmful forced on someone or something

exoplanets
planets outside the Earth’s solar system

abundant/an abundance of
a large amount of; more than enough

boom
major increase

biofuels
fuel made from living things

decline/on the decline
a reduction in the amount of something

dwindle
get smaller over time

missing
unaccounted for

submerged
completely below the surface of the water

rapturous
joyful, enthusiastic

declared an emergency
officially announced a dangerous situation exists

besieged
surrounded by

relocate
move to a different place

state of emergency
temporary set of rules an authority uses to deal with a dangerous situation

plague
an unusually large number of unpleasant things

bat’s insane
example of a pun – play on words - typical in tabloid headlines

bailout funds
money offered by governments to save a failing economy or business

samples
small parts of something to be studied by scientists

collaborative
involving people working together

comeuppance
deserved punishment for doing something bad

all mouth and no trousers
talking a lot about doing something without actually doing it

a man or a mouse
be brave even if you are frightened

what are you made of?
prove how brave you are

my knight in shining armour!
someone very brave who is going to help me

we need to keep an eye out for him
我们需要留意他

apartheid
种族隔离

resistant
not affected or harmed by something

antibiotics
a drug that is used to kill harmful bacteria and to cure infections

strain
(here) a group of closely related plants or animals

superbug
a type of bacteria that cannot be treated using antibiotics

nightmare
terrible

drug-proof
resistant to drugs

bulletproof
防弹

waterproof
防水的

bitter stand-off
angry or unhappy situation where two groups of people cannot agree

the heart of
the middle or centre of

thriving
very successful

heavyweight
a weight in boxing, typically the heaviest category

nomination
(here) the act of choosing someone as a candidate to receive an award

pallbearers
people who help to carry the coffin at a funeral

memorial
an event to honour or remember a person who has died also an object

a biopic
film about the life of a real person

an autobiography
a book about a person’s life, written by that person

contest
[here] attempt to win

victimised
deliberately treated unfairly

swells
up and down movement of the waves

vigils
periods of time – usually at night - during which people stay in a place to show support for something

to honour
to praise someone in public

tributes
public acts which show respect to someone

gather
to come together in a group

a gathering
a group of people / an informal occasion

moving
causing strong emotions / feelings of sadness or sympathy

on high alert
prepared for a likely bad event

paddling
walking or playing in shallow water

range
a group of things which are similar

arsenal
collection of weapons (统称)武器;兵工厂;武器库;军火库

upgrade
improve the quality of something

deterrent
something that prevents people doing something 威慑因素

phase out
stop doing something gradually 逐步淘汰

nukes
slang word for nuclear weapons 核武器

ancient
very old (humorous)

cracks down
starts to deal with a situation in a more severe way

merciless
unforgiving / very hard

infrastructure
system that enables something to run smoothly

think tank
group of experts who together develop ideas on a certain subject

face
(here) deal with

triggers
starts a process

mechanism
(here) way of doing something; process

rule out
to say something is not possible

divorce
legal ending of a marriage – here used to mean end of a relationship/legal arrangement

unleash
release strong, negative forces

propaganda
information, often false, designed to promote a particular point of view

urged
strongly advised

distinguished
respected, admired and successful

probe
(here) a device for gathering information

orbit
the circular path one object takes around another in space

spacecraft
vehicle used in space

hostile
(here) difficult or dangerous
Jupiter is an incredibly hostile world

core
(here) the centre

on such a scale
(here) of a large size

judgement
ability to make good decisions

on record
officially measured

loggers
people who cut down trees

orbiting
moving around a planet or star

set to
ready to / likely to

to become
is going to become

follow in someone’s footsteps
to do something (normally a job) which someone has done before you

take the reins
to take control of something

pressing
needs quick action

scene
(here) place where an incident happened

malnutrition
bad health caused by a poor diet

so-called
(adjective) named informally by many people

plagiarise
use the words or ideas of someone else and pretend they are your own

rip off
steal something or copy something

a rip-off
something that is not worth the price OR something which is a copy of something else

bear a striking similarity
to have a very strong similarity

Republican National Convention
共和党全国代表大会

candidate
person who applies for a job or a post

damning
very critical

trend
general development in a situation

repel
keep something away (for example: insects/water)
insect repellent spray 防虫喷雾

something/someone repels you
something/someone you find disgusting or unpleasant and want to stay away from

deter
prevent/discourage someone from doing something by making it difficult or unpleasant for them to do it

a pun
a funny way of using a word so that more than one meaning is suggested

steer clear of
to avoid someone or something

breaking through
forcefully opening the way through (a barrier)

eluded
failed to be achieved

blazes
very large fires

prematurely
before its expected time

alarmingly
worringly

filthy
very dirty

sewage
waste material from homes and other buildings

teeming with
containing a large number of

unfazed
not surprised or worried

favela
poor and crowded area of a city in Brazil

questioned
(here) expressed doubts about

remotely
from a distance

insight
understanding

activist
person with a strong belief in a certain cause who takes action to achieve their aims

hunger strike
time during which someone refuses to eat as a protest

fast
period of time when a person chooses not to eat

breakfast fast不吃,打破不吃,吃早餐

‘iron’
Here used as an adjective used to describe a person who is mentally and emotionally strong

wondering
asking oneself

to log
to make an official record

stylish
elegant and fashionable

unveiled
made public in a ceremony

an upset
when someone beats the team or player that was expected to win

pull something off
to succeed in doing something that is difficult

egg somebody on
encourage someone or urge someone to do something (especially something they shouldn’t do)

pandemonium
a situation in which there is a lot of noise or craziness because people are excited, angry, or frightened

medal tally
number of medals won

feeds on
eats, consumes (especially for animals)

cheating
breaking the rules of a competition

kick off
begin or cause something to begin

pass the baton
give responsibility for something important to another person or group

wrap up
finish something

peer
look carefully or closely

underestimated
thought something was lower than it really was

put (something) down to
(phrasal verb) gave something as a reason for something else

flee
to quickly leave a place, normally because it is dangerous or unpleasant

some
used here as an adverb before a number to mean ‘approximately’

hub
a place which is the the centre of a particular activity

sorties
short missions

rickety
not stable; likely to break

marine reserve
area of ocean protected by the law

orbiting
moving in a circular path around an object (especially for planets)

mourning
sadness because someone has died

underestimated
(here) thought to be lower than it really is

livelihoods
ways of earning money in order to live

soaring
rising quickly

plummeting
falling quickly and suddenly

staggering
very shocking and surprising

bear the brunt of
suffer the worst part or effect of something bad or harmful

outbreaks
sudden occurrences of disease or war

passed away
died

spotted
noticed after looking carefully

hold/keep/play your cards close to your chest
not share key information; be secretive

come clean
tell the truth about something you were keeping secret

big deal
something important

not that big a deal
important, but not very important

bout
short period when you are ill or unhappy; a short period of activity

bat away
(here) reject

address
formal speech

leaked
made secret information public

cracked
(here) understood something previously unexplained

giant / massive / gigantic
very big

extraterrestrial
coming from outside planet Earth

eavesdrop
secretly listen to a conversation

potential
possible

saddened
made unhappy

sensation
(here) something or somebody very popular

to clash
to have an angry argument

head-to-head
in direct competition

to lose your cool
to become angry/lose your temper

forging
creating (something) that lasts

injuries
occurrences of physical damage to a person

novel
(here as an adjective) original; not seen before

common ground
something people agree about, especially when they disagree about other things

pick yourself up
recover from a difficult situation

scramble(to)
try very hard to do something in a hurry, often when competing with other people

inability
lack of effort or skill needed to do something

deadline
final time when something should have been completed

stigma
shame

auctioned
sold to whoever pays the highest price

a burning issue
an important and urgent problem, often one that people have strong opinions about

burn a hole in (someone’s accounts)
cause them to spend lots of money

money burns a hole in my pocket
whenever I have money I have to spend it

something burnt a hole in my pocket
it cost a lot of money

come/be under fire
be criticised or held responsible

destabilise
make a political or economic system less safe or reliable

appetite
demand or interest

limiting the damage
reducing the negative effects

nudge
gently encourage

endangered species a type of animal or plant that might stop existing because there are only a few of that type alive

get to the bottom of
to discover the truth about something or find the cause of something

a turn of events
a change in a situation

pleas
serious and emotional requests for something

classified
accessible only to authorised people (for example: documents)

deficiency
lack or shortage of something

vessel
large boat

out-drinking
drinking more than another person

wine o’clock
(humorous) an appropriate time of day to start drinking wine

knocking back
drinking something quickly or in large amounts, particularly alcohol

boozer
person who drinks a lot of alcohol

given the green light
approved to proceed

severity
seriousness

charity
organisation that raises money for a particular purpose of public interest

strike back
attack someone who has attacked you

vow
make a strong promise to do something

malicious
(here) intended to harm or steal private information from a computer

cyber
relating to computers

shore up
make more secure

airlifted
transported by aircraft

side effects
additional unpleasant results of taking a drug

released
set free

polls
the mechanism of voting

ballot
system of secret voting

pitch
something you say to persuade people to support you or do something

storm
move with force

shattering the dreams
ending the hopes

makeshift
temporary; usually of poor quality

inspired
influenced positively

A new world record for the world(hot)

sweltering; sizzling; scorching
very, very hot

on course; on track; on pace
happening in the way we expect, based on what has happened until now

make tracks
leave a place (often quickly)

lose track
stop being aware of what someone is doing or what is happening

go off the beaten track
travel to places where not many people go

evade tax
not pay money you owe the government by law

traces
extremely small quantities

solving
finding a reason, explanation or answer to a question or problem

The end of a partnership

pull the plug on something
stop something from continuing or happening

scrap; ditch; dump
stop doing something or get rid of something that is no longer wanted or needed.

renounce
formally say that you no longer support or accept something

a (bath/sink) plug
a round piece of rubber or plastic that fits into the hole in a sink or a bath

a plug
part with two or three metal pins at the end of an electric cord to connect it electricity

a murky world
complicated and badly understood

fell into the hands of
went to the wrong person or people

falling well short
not achieving what is expected

boom
sudden economic increase

mourning
process of sadness after someone has died

cathartic release
letting out of strong feelings that had not been shown before

prognosis
statement about what is likely to happen in the future

advance
development; improvement

fingerprint
(here) to create a digital profile

team up
to get together with other people or organisations to achieve something

pledge
make a serious promise

in labour
in the last stage of pregnancy when the baby is pushed out

keeping up
progressing at the same rate as something else

up close
very near something

surge
sudden increase

undermining
making less effective

spiked(尖峰)
increased and decreased suddenly

Electricity use spiked during half time in the World Cup final when people put the kettle on.

a testament
evidence that something exists

lived rough
lived outside, often on the streets

sanctuaries
safe places

urban oasis
a quiet place in a built up area

standing guard
protecting something to make sure it stays safe or doesn’t escape

keeping watch
paying close attention to a situation so you can react to any problems

brainchild
someone’s plan or original idea

cabin feverish (to have cabin fever)
frustrating and boring because you have been indoors for too long

harness
control and make use of

holographic
three-dimensional and life-like, created by lasers

companion
a person you spend a lot of time with

tangible
something real, that you can touch

embraced
welcomed with enthusiasm

record high
highest amount reached

turning the tables
changing from the weaker position to the stronger

mock-up
a realistic model of something yet to be built

social isolation
lack of contact with other people

daredevils
people who like to do dangerous things

the bulk of
most of; the majority of
bulk buying 大量购买 大宗购买

facelift
a change that improves something

set to
organised so that something happens in the future

seedy
dirty, connected with illegal or morally wrong activity

urban areas
towns, cities or suburbs

cubs
young animals (bears, foxes, lions)

boycott
refuse to take part in something as a protest

legitimate
allowed by the law

swell
get bigger

predominantly
mainly; mostly

devastating
very harmful; damaging

cited
mentioned as evidence or proof

controversial
something people disagree about

right (B1)
exactly

in her own right (C2)
not relying on anything or anyone else

right (B1)
most suitable

right (B2)
morally acceptable

over______
Used as a prefix to mean ’too much’

potential
describes something possible in the right circumstances

browned off
annoyed

premature
before its due date

wholesome
benefit to someone’s well-being

obesity
state of being so fat that it is a risk to your health

sack / fire
remove from a job
be fired/get sacked

She was sacked because she was late everyday.
He fired the dirver for being drunk.

defying
refusing to obey

  • Stop defying me or I’ll stop your pocket money.
  • I was thrown out of the cafe for defying the smoking ban.

betrayal
act of not being loyal

outrageous
shockingly bad

looking into
examining

hermit
person who lives alone in a remote place

leak
the act of making private information known to the public

blackmail
get money from someone by threatening to reveal their secrets

fury
extreme anger

evacuate
leave a place because of danger

overflow
spill liquid because there’s too much

race against the clock
try to complete something urgent in a short space of time

evacuate
leave a place because of danger

overflow
spill liquid because there’s too much

race against the clock
try to complete something urgent in a short space of time

tit-for-tat
describes actions taken as revenge

boils
gets very angry

blasts
criticises strongly

rise of
growth of (a significant, powerful phenomenon)

held to ransom
made to do something by threats

targeting
directing something at someone

trigger
make something start

kicking off
starting

invoking
using a law to achieve something

privacy
right to keep personal information secret

encryption
action of putting information into a code to keep it secret

backdoor
secret route into a secure system

comeback
a return of something after a period of time

resurgence
the start of something again which used to happen

archaic
old; belonging to the past

outbreak
sudden start and spread of a disease

sweeping
moving and spreading quickly

shun
avoid deliberately

Explosions: means ‘sudden bursts of force, often from bombs’.

stiff upper lip
quality of not showing feelings in a difficult situation

opens up
starts to talk about feelings

went off the rails
started to behave in a way that’s not socially acceptable

election 选举

sharp
mentally quick and intelligent

keep (something) at bay
prevent (something) from happening

stints
limited periods of time spent doing an activity

averted
stopped something bad from happening

tentative
not certain or definite

looms
causes worry

a landslide(滑坡) victory
winning an election by a very large majority

  • Macron wins in a landslide victory
  • The prime minister won the election by a landslide

an uphill battle
something that’s difficult to achieve

  • It will be a uphill battle to get a pay rise.

a breath of fresh air
something or someone new, interesting and exciting

surge
a sudden increase

ransomware
a virus designed to stop a computer working unless money is paid
ransom + ware

stopped in its tracks
stop moving or doing something suddenly

oust
force someone out of a position of power

crumbles
becomes weaker in power or influence

glimmer of hope
small sign of something positive to come

hail
publicly praise

supercharge
make more powerful

packs a punch
has great effect or power

human error
a mistake made by a person

meltdown
the complete failure of a system

fiasco
a complete and embarrassing failure

indulgent
allowing you to do something when you shouldn’t

decadent
pleasant but immoral

jazzier
brighter, more colourful and more attractive

caves in
accepts an unwanted position after being put under pressure, 塌陷, 塌陷;坍塌;塌方, 同意, 讓步;屈服;妥協.

lock horns
begin a debate, argument or fight

rules out
decides against

blunder
a mistake often caused by carelessness

mislaid
temporarily lost due to forgetting where it was put

backlog
a number of tasks that should have been done by now

lobbies
tries to persuade people in authority to take a certain action

to OK
to agree or give approval for something to happen

woo
try to persuade someone to support you by being nice to them

watchdog
organisation responsible for making sure people maintain standards and follow the law

perpetuate
make continue

unveil
make known for the first time

chores
boring but necessary tasks

underrated
not given the high level of approval it deserves

outsourcing
paying someone else to do your tasks for you

circumvent
avoid a problem or issue

capitulation
agreement – often made unwillingly

scramble
move quickly to do something

slams
criticises strongly

contentious
causing argument or disagreement

hits a nerve
upsets someone

provocations
actions or speech causing an angry reaction

overshadowed
made to seem less important

mum
silent

trolls
people who intentionally send annoying or insulting online messages

corrosive
causing gradual damage to something

closes (the) net
restricts the movement or activities of

death toll
the number of dead people due to an incident

obliterate
completely destroy

havoc
chaos

history in the making
an event that will be remembered as really significant

  • Sending astronauts to the Moon was history in the making.
  • The election of the first female US president will be history in the making.

off the menu
not an option

  • We haven’t got any bread at home, so sandwiches are off the menu.
  • A holiday is off the menu this month because I’ve got too many work deadlines.

overjoyed
very happy

  • She was overjoyed to receive the acceptance letter from her dream university.
  • The parents were overjoyed to see their son taking his first steps.