Topic: Medical - English Discussions

医疗话题 - 英语讨论


  • disease 疾病
  • mania 狂热(craze, madness)
  • cure 治疗
  • prescribe 配药
  • obesity 肥胖
  • diabetes 糖尿病
  • high blood pressure 高血压
  • heart disease 心脏病
  • plastic surgery 整形外科
  • antibiotics 抗生素
  • anaesthetics 麻醉剂
  • Cosmetic 化妆品/美容/整容
  • surgeon 外科医生
  • operation 手术
  • tumour 瘤
  • patients 患者,病人
  • womb 子宫
  • microcephaly 小头畸形
  • syndrome 综合症
  • congenital 先天的
  • born with
  • disabilities
  • poor vision
  • hearing loss
  • respiration 呼吸
  • diaphragm 隔膜
  • physiological 生理
  • physiological differences 生理差异
  • sleep compared with wakefulness 睡眠和清醒对比
  • rib 肋骨
  • rib cage 肋骨笼子(胸腔)
  • contractions 收缩
  • breathing 呼吸
  • metabolic 新陈代谢
  • NREM 非快速眼动 the phase of sleep in which there is no Rapid Eye Movement
  • REM 快速眼动(the phase of sleep in which there is Rapid Eye Movement)
  • sucking 吸
  • balloon 气球
  • congestion 拥塞
  • irritation 刺激,烦恼
  • brief cessation or reduction 短暂停止或减少
  • necrosis 坏死
  • photoimmunotherapy 光免疫疗法
  • vein 静脉
  • artery 动脉
  • neurogenesis 神经生长
  • fetal development 胎儿发育
  • Stress hormones 压力荷尔蒙
  • out-patients department 门诊部
  • tangible 有形的
  • remedy 药物,治疗

An abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells grow and divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign tumors may grow large but do not spread into, or invade, nearby tissues or other parts of the body.


  1. The phrase that means ’to have an operation’ is ’to go under the knife'.

  2. A good surgeon should talk about the operation to the patient before it is carried out.

  3. The number of people having cosmetic surgery in the UK has decreased recently, according to official figures.

Cosmetic surgery(整容手术) is a medical procedure which some people believe is the answer to all their problems – it makes them look better and boosts their confidence.

could do with
need or want something (used in spoken English)

lines on the skin, which usually appear with age


breast augmentation
operation to make breasts bigger

type of surgery to change the nose

cosmetic surgery
operation done to improve someone’s appearance

drugs which stop people feeling pain

drugs which prevent infection

to go under the knife
have an operation

nose jobs
operation to change the nose

skin graft
piece of skin taken from one part of the body and used to repair another

long, narrow holes soldiers dig and stay in

creator of new things

part of a hospital with beds for patients

describes someone whose appearance has been damaged

rib cartilage
strong tissue found in bones if the chest

operation to tighten the skin of the face to make it look younger


Breathing During Sleep

Movements of the rib cage for breathing are reduced during sleep, making the contractions of the diaphragm more important.

To better understand breathing during sleep, it is, however, helpful to first understand how respiration works in general. During wakefulness, breathing is controlled by two interacting systems. The first is an automatic, metabolic system whose control is centered in the brain stem. It subconsciously adjusts breathing rate and depth in order to regulate the levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2), and the acid-base ratio in the blood. The second system is the voluntary, behavioral system. Its control center is based in the forebrain, and it regulates breathing for use in speech, singing, sighing, and so on. It is capable of ignoring or overriding the automatic, metabolic system and produces an irregular pattern of breathing.

Second, once sleep is fully obtained, there is an increase of carbon dioxide and a decrease of oxygen in the blood that persists during NREM.

Drugs 药品,毒品