Topic: Medical - English Discussions

医疗话题 - 英语讨论


  • disease 疾病
  • cure 治疗
  • prescribe 配药
  • obesity 肥胖
  • diabetes 糖尿病
  • high blood pressure 高血压
  • heart disease 心脏病
  • plastic surgery 整形外科
  • antibiotics 抗生素
  • anaesthetics 麻醉剂
  • Cosmetic 化妆品/美容/整容
  • surgeon 外科医生
  • operation 手术
  • tumour 瘤
  • patients 患者,病人
  • womb 子宫
  • microcephaly 小头畸形
  • syndrome 综合症
  • congenital 先天的
  • born with
  • disabilities
  • poor vision
  • hearing loss

An abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells grow and divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign tumors may grow large but do not spread into, or invade, nearby tissues or other parts of the body.


  1. The phrase that means ’to have an operation’ is ’to go under the knife'.

  2. A good surgeon should talk about the operation to the patient before it is carried out.

  3. The number of people having cosmetic surgery in the UK has decreased recently, according to official figures.

Cosmetic surgery(整容手术) is a medical procedure which some people believe is the answer to all their problems – it makes them look better and boosts their confidence.

could do with
need or want something (used in spoken English)

lines on the skin, which usually appear with age


breast augmentation
operation to make breasts bigger

type of surgery to change the nose

cosmetic surgery
operation done to improve someone’s appearance

drugs which stop people feeling pain

drugs which prevent infection

to go under the knife
have an operation

nose jobs
operation to change the nose

skin graft
piece of skin taken from one part of the body and used to repair another

long, narrow holes soldiers dig and stay in

creator of new things

part of a hospital with beds for patients

describes someone whose appearance has been damaged

rib cartilage
strong tissue found in bones if the chest

operation to tighten the skin of the face to make it look younger