History: Industrial Revolution(18th-19th century,The Great Britain)


詹姆斯·瓦特(James Watt,1736年1月19日—1819年8月25日),英国发明家、企业家,第一次工业革命的重要人物,与著名制造商马修·博尔顿合作生产蒸汽机。

  • agrarian and handicraft 农业和手工业
  • locomotive 机车
  • cottage industry 家庭手工业
  • iron and steel 铁和钢


Powering the Industrial Revolution

  • underpinned by = support by

The Industrial Revolution would not have been possible without a new source of power that was efficient, movable,and continuously available.

Watt’s steam engine played a leading role in greatly increasing industrial production of all kinds.

In the mid-1700s James Watt transformed an inefficient steam pump into a fast,flexible,fuel-efficient engine.

The availability of steam engines was a major factor in the development of railroads,which solved a major transportation problem.