Vocabulary: War and Peace

词汇总结:战争与和平

The outbreak(=start) of war

  • conflict
  • territory
  • A invades B
  • captures/takes control of
  • retreat
  • attack
  • defend it(take action to protect it)
  • admiral 海军军官
  • aggression 侵略,侵犯
  • ambush 埋伏,伏击
  • armor 盗甲
  • assault 攻击,袭击
  • besiege 围困,困扰
  • bombard 炮击,轰炸
  • cannon 大炮
  • captive 俘虏,囚徒
  • cavalry 骑兵
  • chariot 双轮战车
  • colonel 陆军上校
  • combat 战斗格斗
  • conquest
  • corps 组,团
  • cruiser 巡洋舰
  • fleet 舰队,车队
  • fortify 防御工事,增强
  • lieutenant 中尉
  • marshal 元帅,高级将领
  • martial 战争的,军事的
  • massacre 大屠杀
  • naval 海军的
  • pistol 手枪
  • raid 突袭
  • rebellion 叛乱
  • revolt 造反
  • rifle 步枪
  • sergeant 陆军中士
  • shield 盾,保护
  • suppress 镇压
  • warrior 武士,战士,勇士
  • siege 围攻包围
  • trigger 扳机
  • truce 休战
  • veteran
  • warfare 战争
  • shield and spear 盾和矛
  • siege 围城,攻城

A war zone

  • war zone
  • allies
  • aid
  • troops
  • supplies: food and other things that are needed every day
  • firing of guns and explosives
  • killed or wounded
  • civilians(ordinary people who are not in the army)

Peace talks

  • alive
  • run out(food supplies)
  • peace talks
  • peace settlement
  • ceasefire

Terrorism

  • hijacking: taking control of a bus, train, ship or plane; the people on board become prisoners
  • hostages: 人质
  • bargain for something(demand something in exchange for the hostages)
  • release the hostages