TOEFL Writing: Integrated Task



Integrated Essay Template (Writing Question One) The Introduction No matter what question style is used, write your introduction using the following template:

  • The reading and the lecture are both about _____.

  • While the author of the article argues that ____, the lecturer disputes the claims mentioned in the article.

  • His position is that _____.

  • The Body Paragraphs

  • Use the following templates for the body paragraphs:

  • According to the reading _____.

  • The article mentions that _____.

  • This lecturer challenges this argument.

  • He claims that _____.

  • Additionally, he points out that ______. –

  • Secondly, the author suggests ______.

  • The article notes that _____.

  • The lecturer, however, asserts that ______.

  • He goes on to say that ______. –

  • Finally, the author puts forth the idea that _____.

  • The author contends that _____.

  • In contrast, the lecturer’s stance is _____.

  • He says that _____. You don’t need a conclusion.


Both the reading and the lecture talk about 对象. In the lecture, the professor is skeptical about the idea of the reading passage that 阅读中的主旨(首段第一句). The professor argues that the ideas mentioned in the reading are unconvincing.

Firstly, in the reading passage, 阅读论点一(首句). On the contrary, the professor says that ….

Secondly, the professor then opposes the reading’s idea that 阅读论点二(首句). The professor states that….

Thirdly, the professor disproves the reading’s idea that 阅读论点三. The professor points out that …


开头段 The passage and the listening material hold contrary opinions on how to stop the spread of the cane toad in Australia.

They’ve got sharply contrasting views on how/what


第一点 Firstly, although the writer points out that doing something is …, the lecture challenges that … ;反驳理由,有细节

第二点 Secondly, The second way the author gives is that …. However, the professor argues that …. because ….

第三点 Thirdly, the speaker believes the third way in the passage of using a disease-causing virus to control the cane toad populations is a bad idea. He states that …., which would be an ecological disaster because ….

All in all,


  • 阅读:the reading, the reading passage, the author, the article
  • 听力:the listening, the listening passage, the lecture, the lecturer, the professor, the speaker
  • 认为:claims, believe, hold, suggest, support, argue, think, assert, states, points out
  • 反驳: argue, challenge, doubt, disagree
  • 但是: however, although, on the other hand, in contrast, but, nevertheless,nonetheless,still,yet,though,although, In contrast

Understood, here are some common synonyms for those words:


  • think, suppose, assume, presume, deem, reckon, conjecture, surmise


  • consider, regard, view, judge, deem, esteem, account, reckon


  • propose, recommend, advise, counsel, urge, advocate, put forward


  • back, endorse, approve, uphold, champion, defend, advocate for

Point out:

  • indicate, highlight, note, remark, observe, draw attention to, underscore


  • contend, maintain, assert, insist, reason, debate, dispute


  • ponder, contemplate, reflect, muse, deliberate, cogitate, ruminate

These are just a few examples of synonyms that could be used in place of those key words. Let me know if you need any clarification or have additional requests!

Skill Building Tips

  • Practice paraphrashing, which is expressing the same idea in different ways.
  • Build your vocabulary
  • Practice using synonyms when you write
  • Practice identifying main points. Listen to recorded lectures and write down the main points.
  • Read two articles on the same topic and write a summary of each. Explain ways they are similar and ways they are different.

Example: Birds fly through glass

Glass, a prevalent building material in modern architecture, is a significant hazard to wild birds. They frequently mistake it for open air, resulting in injuries. The reading passage offers three promising methods to avert these bird injuries. However, the listening passage challenges their potential effectiveness.

Firstly, the reading passage states that replacing regular glass with one-way glass, which is transparent in only one direction, could help prevent crashes of birds. Because birds cannot see in this kind of glass, they will not try to fly through it. However, the listening passage claims that one-way glass reflects lights, and it looks like a mirror that will reflect the sky on one side for birds. Because birds don’t understand the reflected sky is a mirror, they will still fly through it.

Secondly, the reading passage holds that adding colorful designs on regular window glass, like stripes painted over the glass, could let birds see the building, thus avoiding them trying to fly through it. However, the listening passage disagrees with the method. Because the designs on the buildings could look like open holes, if the birds see them, they are going to fly through them. If the design patterns are too small, it’s hard for people to see through them, which is also a bad idea.

Thirdly, the reading passage thinks that adding a magnetic field attached to the buildings will direct away the birds; since birds use magnetic fields to navigate when flying, they can recognize them. However, the listening passage holds that birds don’t use magnetic fields to navigate when flying across short distances; they only use them on long-distance travel. In short-distance travels, they use eyes and bright light to navigate, so the buildings will still be a problem for them.

Here is a 260-word revised and optimized essay addressing the hazards of glass in modern architecture for wild birds and the potential solutions discussed in the reading and listening passages:

Glass, a prevalent building material in modern architecture, poses a significant threat to wild birds. Birds often mistake transparent glass for open air, resulting in collisions that can lead to injuries and fatalities. The reading passage outlines three promising methods to mitigate these bird-glass collisions, while the listening passage challenges the potential effectiveness of these solutions.

The first proposed solution is the use of one-way glass, which is transparent in only one direction. The reading passage suggests that this type of glass could prevent bird crashes, as birds would be unable to see through it. However, the listening passage counters this idea, arguing that one-way glass can reflect the sky, creating a mirror-like effect that birds may still attempt to fly through, not recognizing the glass barrier.

Secondly, the reading passage suggests adding colorful designs, such as stripes, to regular window glass to help birds perceive the barrier. The idea is that these visual cues would allow birds to recognize the presence of the glass and avoid collisions. Yet, the listening passage raises concerns that birds may mistake these design patterns for open holes and attempt to fly through them. Additionally, if the designs are too small, they may not be visible enough for birds to effectively detect the glass.

The third solution discussed in the reading passage involves attaching magnetic fields to buildings, as birds use magnetic fields for navigation during long-distance flights. However, the listening passage contends that birds primarily rely on visual cues and bright light for short-distance navigation, rendering magnetic fields ineffective in deterring birds from colliding with glass structures in urban settings.

Overall, the listening passage presents a more nuanced and critical evaluation of the proposed solutions, highlighting the limitations and potential drawbacks of each approach. Addressing the hazards of glass in modern architecture for wild birds will require a more comprehensive and evidence-based strategy that takes into account the complex behaviors and navigation mechanisms of birds.