• portrait sculpture:created to commemorate people who had died
  • relief sculpture 浮雕: sculpting on walls
  • sculpture copies: 罗马人复制希腊雕像


sculpture copies: 罗马人复制希腊雕像(权力和文化的象征,artistic and political functions)

So Gazda hypothesizes that copying didn’t indicate a lack of artistic imagination or skill on the part of Roman artists, but rather the Romans made copies because they admired Greek sculpture.

Classical Greek statues represented an idealization of the human body and were considered quite beautiful at the time. Gazda also believes that it’s been a mistake to dismiss the Roman copies as, well, copies for copy’s sake and not to consider the Roman function and meaning of the statues.

They were supposed to communicate specific ideas about the emperor and the imperial family and to help inhabitants of the conquered areas become familiar with the Roman will life.

The coins were easy to distribute and they allowed people to see the emperor or at least his likes and served as an additional reminder to let them know, well, who was in charge.

And the images helped people become familiar with the emperor.

At the time of Julius Caesar, it wasn’t uncommon to create statues that had the body of a god and the head of an emperor.

What they did was they made plaster casts from molds of the sculptures.

Then they shipped these plaster casts to workshops all over the empire, where they were replicated in marble or bronze.

And on some statues the heads were removable.

They could put an emperor’s head on different bodies, showing him doing different things.

And then later when the time came they could even use the head of the next emperor on the same body.