|现在||study/studies||am/is/are studying||have/has studied||has/have been studying|
|过去||studied||was/were studying||had studied||had been studying|
|将来||will study||will be studying||will have studied||will have been studying|
|过去将来||would study||would be studying||would have studied||would have been studying|
It rains in summer.
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
The sun rises in the east.
Knowledge is power.
They study in the same university.
He is a lawer.
The soup tastes great.
He speaks four languages.
You look terrific today!
He gets up at 6:30 in the morning.
She is always on time for her class.
My father doesn’t smoke.
Do you often listen to the morning news?
I usually go to work by subway.
Bob takes the ball forward quickly, passes it to John; John shoots and yes, it’s a goal!] Look, I now take this end of the rope, place it under the bottle, and I put the other end.
Here comes the bus. There goes the balls.
I will let Bob know if I see him tomorrow.(条件状语从句)
He will talk about it with you when you meet.(时间状语从句)
The plane leave in 30 minutes.
I hope you get better soon.
I’ll make sure this doesn’t happen again.
Tina tells me you’re going to leave BJ next month. I learn that he is on his vacation in South Africa.
Peace Talks Fail(新闻标题中) Isaac Newton says:…(饮用已故者的评论或言论)
The police warned the workers, However, these unarmed workers press on and on.
He visited our school last Friday.
She left 20 minutes ago.
How did you get the news?
Some of them were students at that time.
The party was a great success.
The boy sold cigarettes for a living.
We often played basketball together.
My grandfather lived a simple life.
We always discussed these problems till mid-night at that time.
I wondered if you could give me some help.
Could you pass the bokk to me please?
Would you do me a favor?
I thought you might like some cakes.
His mother was a nurse all her life. (去世)
His mother has been a nurse all her life.(仍然在世)
He lived in Beijing for 15 years. （已经不在） He has lived in BJ for 15 years. (在)
We will know the results next Monday.
Will you be there this afternoon?
What will you do when you meet him?
I won’t tell anybody about this.
2. be going to引导，表示预测
Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain!
It’s 8 o’clock now. I am going to be late.
According to the current status, we are going to meet the deadline without any problem.
Look! He is going to fall!
3. will 和 be going to 的区别
will … 说话者的个人(客观)预测，be going go通常有较为明显的证据或迹象表明某事情将要发生。
I think he will come back.
I think he is going to come back.
be going to 可以表示马上就发生，无力阻止的事情，而will没有这个含义
在条件或时间状语从句，通常用will而不用be going to
You will make it if you try really hard.
You will know when you get there.
They’re having a party this Sunday.
He is flying to Paris tomorrow.
I am leaving soon.
确定程度，由强到弱，现在进行时，be going to， will.
be to do / be about to do / be due to
Who is to pay for the damage?
I am about to leave at 4 o’clock.
Jason is due to graduate next year.
will(将来) 改成了 would（will的过去式）.
I thought that probably he would join us. We expected that you would go with us. He told me that he would come.
He said he would never go there again.
2. was/were going to do
I thought there was going to be a storm soon.
She said she was going to start off immediately.
He said the train was leaving at 5am the next day.
She said she wasn’t going out that night.
4. was/ were to /about to / due to do
I was about to leave when I met him.
The plane was due to land in 30 minutes.
They were to leave for Shanghai that afternoon after our meeting.
on time (准时)/ in time （及时）
基本构成：am/is/are + doing
Hi, what are you doing?
I’m doing my laundry.
What are you doing recently? I’m working on a new project.
Where are you living? I’m living near the train station, and will move to the suburb next month.
Let’s hurry up. It’s getting dark.
Their attitude toward this issue is changing.
His American dream is coming true.
get, change, come, become, grow…
I’m getting married next month.
基本构成：was/were + doing
What were you doing at 10am last Friday?
He was working overtime(加班) last night at the same time.
I was doing my homework when telephone rang.
She was so scared because someone was following her.
From 2001 to 2005, I was working for ABC company.
They were preparing for the exam last month.
He was thinking of you all those days.
It was getting dark. The boy was playing…
It was raining. The old servant was sitting…
I was wondering if you could let me know the details.
I was hoping that you would like to lend me your book.
I was thinking that maybe you could go there by bus.
一般过去时->动作已经完成，过去进行时->动作在持续。 He wrote a letter to his father last night.
He was writing a letter to his father last night.
She was waved to me.
She was waving to me.
基本结构： will be + doing
We will be flying to London next Monday.
This time tomorrow we will be sitting in the classroom and having English class.
Do you think you will be working here in two year’s time?
I’ll be meeting my dentist tomorrow afternoon.
He will be taking his final exam next week.
Mr. Park will be giving a speech at the ceremony.
3. 口语中表示礼貌委婉语气，与will do区别
How long will you be staying here?(委婉)
How long will you stay here?
When will be returning the book?
When will you return the book?
He will not be sending the paper to you.（不会发）
He will not send the paper to you. (不愿意)
You can’t miss him. He will be wearing a black suit and white shirt waiting for you.
I and take these books to Mr. Smith’s for sure. I will be having a meeting with at 2pm today.
基本构成：would be + doing
I think James will be taking care of this issue.
I thought James would be taking care of this issue.
He doesn’t know when she will be seeing him again.
He didn’t know when she would be seeing him again.
基本构成： have/has + done
I have had my hair cut.(我已经剪了头发)
I have been a teacher for 10 years.
He has been in love for 5 years. The old lady has lived here for over 30 years.
since + 时间/从句
He has fallen asleep for 3 hours.(❌)
He has been asleep for 3 hours.（正确）
She has married for over 3 years.(❌)
She has been married for over 3 years.（OK）
He has taught us English since 2010.
I have worked in this company since I graduated from school.(since后动词多数为短暂、一般过去时)
It’s been 2 years since I worked in this company.
我离开这家公司已经有2年了。 It’s been 2 years since I have worked in this company.
It’s been 2 years since was in this school.
It’s been 2 years since I have been in this school.
- for + 时间段
- until now/ so far/ up until now…
- in/over/during/for + the last/past several months/years
I have lost my mobile phone.
jason has cleaned his room.
The elevator has broken down.
Have you had your lunch yet? Yes, I have.
Have you ever worked in a cafe?
Has it stopped snowing yes?
He has already arrived.
I finished the report last Friday.
She was here 1 hour ago.
I had my lunch at 1pm yesterday.
I have had my hair cut.
I had my hair cut.
have been to 与 have gone to
I have been to Europe many times.
He has gone to Europe.
Have you got a laptop?
I’ve got a few things to talk about.
I’ve got a bad headache.
have got to（口语） 与 have to 含义相同
I’ve got to go.
This is what we have got to do.
You’ve got to be careful.
You’ve got keep an eye on it.
This is the first time that I have come to Paris.
It is the 3rd cpu of coffee that I have drunk this afternoon.
This is the best movie that I have ever watched.
This is the easiest job I have ever had.
This / It/That + 序数词/最高级+名词+that从句
I will write a summary when I have finished the report.
I will go to see you when I have finished my work.
If he hasn’t got, please don’t wake him.
Don’t move on unless you have already prepare well.
基本构成： had + done
He has lived here for 10 years.
He had lived here for 10 years when I moved in.
She had been a teacher for 30 years when she retired.
I had waited for him for over 3 hours when he finally showed up.
He had studied English for 6 years when he entered college. We had collected 1,000 stories by the end of last month.
I had finished my report before they came.
When I arrived Jack had just left.
She had just entered her room before the telephone rang.
The baby had fallen asleep when we went into the room.
4. It/ That + 序数词/最高级 + 名词 + that从句
That was the first time that had come to Paris.
That was the 3rd cup of coffee that I had drunk that afternoon.
That was the best movie that I had ever watched.
That was the easiest job I had ever had.
I had hoped that we would leave tomorrow, but it’s beginning to look difficult.
I had planned to leave erlier but he wouldn’t let go.
He had intended to see you off at the airport, but he was stuck by something else.
常见词：hope, plan, intend, mean, want, suppose, think, wish…
基本构成： will have + done
We will have finished our final exam by next Thursday.
I will have learnt English for 10 years by the end of this year.
We will have been here for 5 years by this autumn.
She will have worked in this hospital for 50 years when she retires next week.
The bus will have left when we get to the station.
I will have finished the school when we meet next time.
The project will have been completed before next August, when World Expo is to be held right here.
基本构成：would(will的过去式) have done
He told me that he would have finished his homework by 7 o’clock.
They said they would have arrived by 4pm.
I guessed he would have prepared well when we got back.
If I had left earlier, I would have caught the bus.
If we had found the fault in advance, we would have avoided the complaint.
I would have forgotten her birthday if you hadn’t reminded me.
基本构成：have/has been + doing，兼有“完成”和“进行”两种含义。
I have been learning English for more than 10 years now.
He has been living here for over 30 years.
Mr. Li has been working in this company since 15 years ago.
I have learnt English.
I have been learning English.
He has lived in China.
He has been living in China.
Mr. Li has worked in this company.
Mr. Li has been working in this company.
We have been discussing the proposal lately.
The new employee has been working hard these days.
I have been thinking about going abroad for study.
I have been waiting to tell you the truth.
He has been meaning to meet you in person.
We have been watching videos for an hour now. Come on and join us!
He has been reading that book for about 2 hours. He needs to take an exam about it tomorrow.
It has been raining all day. I am not sure when it will stop.
I have been using the machine for the last 20 minutes and I will keep going till I can compeletely control it.
基本构成： had been + doing，参照时间由“现在”表为”过去“。
She had been studying German for 2 years before she went to Germany.
I had been looking for her for over 6 months when I found her in a supermarket nearby.
She looked exhausted. I know she had been working realy hard those days.
We had been watching videos for 2 hours when he got back and we asked him to join us.
I encountered him at the airport last week. He just got his degree and returned to China. He had been studying abroad.
He had been stealing for 2 years before the police caught him.
基本构成：will have been + doing
I will have been learning English for 15 years by this winter.
She will have been working in the company for over 20 years by next month.
She will have been discussing the topic for 6 hours by then.
I will have been coming to China for 2 years by next month.
基本构成：would have been + doing (转述)
He told me that he would have been teaching English for ten years by that Autumn.
I knew from her introduction that she would have been living in Tokyo for 15 years by the end of this year.